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  • Writer's pictureFloodPrice

Know the Facts: Flood Risk and Flood Insurance

Updated: Jun 21, 2023

Just how dangerous is a flood? How much damage could a little water actually cause? Why would I possibly need flood insurance?

These are all questions many property owners have likely asked themselves at one point or another – maybe when purchasing their property or perhaps while watching news footage of flood-ravaged neighborhoods. Too many home and business owners simply leave those questions unanswered – as just a passing thought. As a result, they are inadvertently leaving their properties vulnerable to the possibility of a catastrophic flood loss.

Flood Risk and Flood Insurance

Property owners need to understand the very real, and potentially devastating, risk they are taking in not considering the facts. To help get the message across, we’ve compiled a list of credible facts and statistics to help demonstrate the danger and assist property owners in making an informed decision about flood insurance. Flood Insurance Facts

A Growing Problem

A Costly Mess

  • In an average-sized 2,000 square-foot home with possessions of $50,000, one inch of water could cost nearly $27,000, five inches of water $45,000+, and 48 inches of water more than $103,000.

  • In a large home of roughly 5,000 square feet with $100,000 in possessions, one inch of water could cost more than $53,000, while 48 inches of water could cost $200,000+.

  • Damage from Inland flooding cost the country $6.9 billion per year from 1976-2006 – averaging more annually than any other severe weather-related event.

  • Due to the effects of climate change, coastal flooding is projected to cost the world $14.2 trillion over the next 80 years.

A Misunderstood Risk Exposure

  • Zero coverage for flooding is provided by standard homeowners and renters policies, which is also the case for most commercial property insurance policies.

  • A 2018 Insurance Industry Institute survey found that only 15 percent of American homeowners had a flood insurance policy.

  • FEMA disaster aid will not make a flood victim whole. Households without flood insurance, that applied for and qualified for assistance, received an average of $4,203 in disaster relief payments after Hurricane Harvey.

  • 5.9 million properties and property owners that are at risk of flooding do not fall in FEMA’s Special Flood Hazard Area (SFHA) and are unaware or severely underestimate their flood risk.

  • FEMA’s flood maps cover only 33 percent of stream miles and 46 percent of shorelines in the U.S.

  • Nearly two-thirds of FEMA flood maps have not been updated in the last five years, while some have not been updated in 40 years.

The Future of Flood Insurance

  • The private flood insurance market is growing as an alternative to the NFIP with direct premiums written of $522 million in 2019, up 45 percent from 2018.

  • Private flood insurers, including, offer policies with limits up to $5 million for maximum building coverage compared to $250,000 limits through the NFIP.

  • The maximum amount of contents coverage offered by private insurers is often double the amount available through the NFIP.

  • Waiting periods for policy inception through private flood insurers are typically 15 days, compared to 30 days through the NFIP.

  • 110 million home listings on now include both publicly and privately assembled flood risk information to help inform property owners of their flood potential.


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